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ARROWSMITH PROGRAM RESEARCH DOCUMENTS

Please click on the document title to read the complete report. Some of these documents are in PDF format and will require Adobe Reader

Research Initiatives Report

Please click here to read or download our latest Research Initiatives Report outlining recently completed studies and a number of research studies in process. This Report will be updated as results of the various studies become available and as new studies are begun.

Overview of Research on the Arrowsmith Program

Please click here to read or download our pamphlet containing an overview of the research studies and reports that are referred to below. This document includes a Chart of Learning Dysfunctions and Outcomes describing a number of the cognitive areas addressed by the Arrowsmith Program, a description of their common features if there is a problem in the area, and the learning outcomes that may be expected.

LIST OF RESEARCH STUDIES AND REPORTS

DATE

TITLE

SYNOPSIS

June , 2014 Effects of the Arrowsmith Program on Academic Performance: A Pilot Study A study presented at a poster session at the Canadian Psychological Convention, Vancouver June 2014 by a research team at the Brain Gain Lab at the University of Calgary.

Findings: following AP intervention all academic scores improved andwere in the average range except math fluency. Strengthening Cognitive neuropsychological functions presumed to underlie Academic achievement deficits improves reading, mathematics, and writing by targeting the cause (i.e., cognitive deficit) rather than the symptoms (i.e., achievement deficits).
 

March 2014 Research Initiatives Report This first Research Initiatives Report summarizes five existing and ongoing studies of the Arrowsmith Program and its effects on the cognitive functions associated with specific learning difficulties, conducted at universities in Canada and U.S.A. These studies will show changes in the brain as well as academic, cognitive, emotional and social outcomes that occur for students engaged in the Arrowsmith Program.
October 2012 Report on Academic Skills and Learning Outcomes This report summarizes how the Arrowsmith Program cognitive exercises are directly and very specifically related to a wide range of learning difficulties. The report describes the relationship between the function of the cognitive areas for which the Arrowsmith Program has developed specific, targeted exercises, the learning difficulties if a student has a deficit in the cognitive area, and the learning outcomes achieved upon completion of the Arrowsmith Program exercises.

There have been a number of studies that have demonstrated improvements in students academic skills upon completion of the Arrowsmith Program cognitive exercises. The increased cognitive capacities have enabled students to acquire a wide range of academic skills. All of the research has demonstrated a clear link between successful completion of the Arrowsmith Program cognitive exercises and improvements in basic academic skills. This report contains a summary of these research studies, as well as providing examples of the correlation between the Arrowsmith cognitive exercises and Reading, Writing, Spelling and Mathematics.

Of particular interest to educators, parents, and students are the significant gains demonstrated by students after completion of the Arrowsmith Program of their scores on standardized psycho-educational assessments.

January 25, 2007

Report on the Arrowsmith Program in the Toronto Catholic District School
Board
(TCDSB)

A follow-up study tracking progress of students in the Arrowsmith Program in the TCDSB on standardized achievement measures and on the amount of resource support needed pre and post Arrowsmith Program. 

Reports from parents, teachers and students of specific observable cognitive and academic gains and on the success of TCDSB Arrowsmith students in high school and post secondary programs.

November 20, 2005

Report on an Outcome Evaluation of the Arrowsmith Program for Treating Learning Disabled Students

 

A three year outcome study of 79 children with learning disabilities conducted at Arrowsmith School funded by the Canadian Donner Foundation.

A number of standardized measures were used such as achievement tests and tests of mental ability as well as measures of learning capacity and changes in rates of learning.

Study undertaken by Dr. William J. Lancee, Ph.D.  Head of Research in the Department of Psychiatry at Mount Sinai Hospital and Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto.

January 22, 2003

Report on the TCDSB Study of the Arrowsmith Program for Learning Disabilities

A one-year study comparing outcome measures of 30 grade 2 to grade 7 students enrolled in the Arrowsmith Program from 4 schools in the Toronto Catholic District School Board (TCDSB) to 10 students in a traditional special education  classroom for students with learning disabilities.

Study undertaken by Dr. William J. Lancee, Ph.D.

August 7, 2000 Treatment Outcome for a Motor Symbol Sequencing Dysfunction Barbara A. Young, M.A. & Donald F. Burrill, Ph.D. Poster Session – 108th APA Annual Convention, Washington D.C., August 7, 2000 This research paper investigated the relationship between a program designed to train automatic written motor symbol sequences for a group of 12 learning disabled individuals having difficulty with the writing process and outcome measures on a test developed to measure the rate of learning a repeated sequence of symbols as an automatic motor pattern and standardized tests of writing and copying. Significant positive changes were found from pre- to post-treatment testing on all measures.

July 2000

Evaluation of the Implementation of the Arrowsmith Program in the TCDSB

A three month study comparing 15  students in the Arrowsmith Program within the TCDSB to a group of TCDSB students using Autoskill’s Academy of Reading Program

1999-2007 Changes Observed on Cognitive Scores of Arrowsmith Program Students Changes on Standardized Cognitive Measures of students in the Arrowsmith Program observed at Eaton Arrowsmith School or by Eaton Learning Centre

June 1998

Results from first year of St. Patrick Catholic Secondary School and Arrowsmith Program Pilot Project

A pilot project undertaken in co-operation with St. Patrick Catholic Secondary School in the Toronto Catholic District School Board.

The report summarizes the averaged quantitative improvements seen in 19  students working on 4 cognitive areas over a 7 month period.

August 15, 1997 Correlates of a Test of Motor Symbol Sequencing Performance Barbara A. Young, M.A. & Donald F. Burrill, Ph.D. Poster Session - 105th APA Annual Convention, Chicago, August 15, 1997 This research paper investigated the relationship between a test developed to measure the rate of learning a repeated sequence of symbols as an automatic motor pattern and standardized tests of writing and copying. Performance on the motor symbol sequencing test, for a group of 12 learning disabled individuals and a control group of 35 adults, correlated significantly with standardized tests of copying and handwriting.